In the face of increase water security, demand for water is outstripping supply therefore we need to address the challenges that we face ensuring productive and efficient use of land and water resources to meet present and future demand while ensuring the long-term sustainability of the land and water quality and quantity.
We have facilitated new approaches to water use that include farming practices that use less water without affecting productivity. Specifics are integrated water resources management, water harvesting, groundwater, use of non-conventional water, reuse of treated wastewater, modernization of irrigation systems, on-farm water management, and water quality management. We also need to developing policies, programmes, best practices and tools in the fields of irrigation and drainage, soil conservation, drought mitigation, water rights, access to natural resources, and improvement of land markets. Research still needs to be done in securing these sectors.